Sana Commerce 9.2
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Product Hierarchy

SAP allows to classify products using product hierarchies. Product hierarchies can be imported from SAP into Sana Admin to automatically build the main menu of your web store with products catalog.

For more information, see 'ERP Integration'.

Product hierarchy is an alphanumeric character string used for grouping materials. In the standard SAP system, a product hierarchy can be created with up to three levels, each with a specific number of characters. Each level signifies a certain characteristic of the product.

Level Number of characters allowed
1 5
2 5
3 8


Level Hierarchy ID Description
1 00005 Electronics
2 00003 Mobile devices
3 00000001 Smartphones

In the above example, the 'Smartphones' hierarchy belongs to the product hierarchy 000050000300000001.

In SAP it is possible to change the product hierarchy structure and to extend the maximum number of levels. Sana supports up to 5 levels of a product hierarchy.

Each product can be assigned to a certain product hierarchy in the material master data.

To create product hierarchies in SAP use the Maintain Product Hierarchy V/76 transaction.

When you enter a hierarchy code, the level entry is determined automatically by the system based on the number of characters you have entered. For example, if you enter a five-character entry, the system determines the level number as 1. Similarly, a 10-character entry would be level 2. Level 3 would have 18 characters.

Descriptions of the product hierarchies can be translated in SAP into different languages. If your web store is multi-lingual, the names of the product hierarchies will be shown in the appropriate language.

When product hierarchies are created you can assign products to the appropriate product hierarchies. To assign a product to a certain product hierarchy open the material master data. Under the Basic data 1 tab in the Product hierarchy field select the hierarchy to which the product should belong. 

If you need to assign the product to the hierarchy of the second or third level, at first select the hierarchy of the first level and then click Next level to select the hierarchy of the lower level.

The product can be assigned to any level of the product hierarchy.

Product hierarchies together with the assigned products can be imported into Sana Admin to automatically build the main menu of your web store with the products catalog.

For more information about how to import product hierarchies into Sana Admin, see 'ERP Integration'.

If you don't want to use any product hierarchy from SAP for web store navigation you can also make it invisible. By adding any product hierarchy to the /SANAECOM/: Invisible Product Categories table it will not be imported into Sana Admin and used in the web store navigation.

For more information, see 'Invisible Product Categories'.